Below is a summary of Ryan’s EHR activity while he is in the ED. As an ED nurse, you are responsible for gathering Ryan’s family and health history and obtaining, reading and monitoring his vital signs. Using his EHR, Virtual Physical Exam (VPE) and Internet research, answer the questions and be prepared to discuss the responses with the rest of Ryan’s health care team.
Internet Research: In the ED, advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) continues. Ryan is hooked up to the hospital’s standard defibrillator with monitor and is shocked for a fourth time with 200 joules. What is the purpose of defibrillation?
Review Ryan’s VPE: Ryan has 10 electrodes placed on his chest for a 12-lead electrocardiogram (EKG). Explain an EKG.
Review Ryan’s ED EHR: What does Ryan’s EKG indicate?
Internet Research: During ACLS, the physician orders Epinephrine and Amiodarone. What are these medications and why are they used?
Internet Research: Ryan responds to the ACLS measures, so his physician orders a cardiac enzyme study, chest X-ray, non-contrast CT scan of the brain/head and echocardiogram. What information can you gather from each of these tests?
Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS): Emergency medical procedures in which basic life support efforts of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are augmented by establishment of an IV fluid line; possible defibrillation; drug administration; control of cardiac arrhythmias; endotracheal intubation and use of ventilation equipment.
(“Definition of ACLS.” Aclscertification.com. ACLS Certification Institute, n.d. Web. 09 June 2014.)
Joule: The International System Unit of electrical, mechanical and thermal energy.
(“Joule.” Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 09 June 2014.)