Below is a summary of Pam’s electronic health record activity while she is in the hospital. As a pharmacist, your duty is to make sure that Pam receives the correct medications. You will also make sure that Pam’s medications are not harmful to her. Answer the following questions and be prepared to discuss the responses with the rest of Pam’s healthcare team.
Review Pam’s Outpatient EHR: According to Pam’s Outpatient EHR, she is allergic to penicillin and codeine. What type of reaction could she experience if she is given any form of these medications?
A. Swelling of tongue from penicillin; hives and a rash from codeine.
B. Difficulty breathing from penicillin; hives and a rash from codeine.
C. Hives and a rash from penicillin; difficulty breathing from codeine.
D. Hives and a rash from penicillin; swelling of tongue from codeine.
Internet Research: As a pharmacist it is important to be aware of the different symptoms associated with drug allergies. Which symptom below is a type of allergic reaction?
B. Skin rash
D. Stomach cramps
Internet Research:TRUE or FALSE: Pam will NOT have a similar reaction to any form of penicillin.
Internet Research: Albuterol is a short-term bronchodilator. Select the answer that BEST describes how it functions when taken.
A. Slow (extended) release medication that opens up the passages.
B. Slow (extended) release medication that relieves chest pains.
C. Quick-relief medication that opens up breathing passages.
D. Quick-relief medication that relieves chest pains.
Review Pam’s VPE: Referring to Pam’s VPE (Treatment tab), each statement below is a step to administer a bronchodilator. Put a number (1 – 6) by each statement to show the correct order in using a bronchodilator.
____ Place inhaler directly into mouth
____ Shake inhaler, as directed, and remove cap
____ Breathe in slowly, evenly and deeply
____ Tilt head back slightly, breathe out slowly
____ Hold inhaler upright with mouthpiece at the bottom
____ Press inhaler one time and continue to breathe in slowly
Internet Research: How does a long-term bronchodilator (LT) differ from a short-term bronchodilator (ST)? Use the corresponding letters to match the type of bronchodilator with each statement.
____ Quick relief of asthma symptoms
____ Long-term control of asthma
____ Used twice daily
____ Works within minutes after inhalation
Internet Research: As part of a nicotine replacement therapy, Pam’s physician prescribes Chantix. Which statement explains how it works in the body?
A. Blocks dopamine from being released into the brain
B. Blocks hormones from being released into the brain
C. Releases dopamine in smaller doses preventing withdrawal symptoms
D. Releases hormones in smaller doses preventing withdrawal symptoms