Below is a summary of Ahmed’s electronic health record (EHR) activity during the four hours he is in the ED. As a medical and health services manager, you ensure that he receives the best overall care possible. You will also compile Ahmed’s bill, consisting of his tests, procedures, room charges, supplies and medications. Using his EHR, Virtual Physical Exam (VPE) and Internet research, fill out the billing statement and be prepared to share with the rest of Ahmed’s healthcare team.

To determine the cost of Ahmed’s ED visit, you will need the following:
  1. Use the blank copy of Ahmed’s ED Bill and the Bill Reference to calculate and track his costs. In his EHR, look for costs in the areas of labs, pathology, medications (be sure to pay attention to how many times during his stay each was given) and diagnostics. You may need to do additional Internet research. Some helpful sites are, and

View Ahmed’s EHR – ED Chart   Virtual Physical Exam